Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) commemorates the revelation of the Torah on Mt. Sinai to the Jewish people, and occurs on the 50th day after the 49 days of counting the Omer. Shavuot is one of the three biblically based pilgrimage holidays known as the shalosh regalim. It is associated with the grain harvest in the Torah.
Jews received the Torah on Shavuot, arguably the most significant event in Jewish history; so why don’t more people know the details surrounding the holiday?
Passover, Yom Kippur, Chanukah; these are all Jewish holidays that everybody, from the Orthodox to the Reform, celebrates. One of the more “off-the-beaten-path” holidays is Shavuot, or Shavuos (also known as Pentecost), which is one of the most important holidays on the Jewish calendar – even if you’ve never heard of it.
Shavuot (About this soundlisten (help·info)), Shavuos (About this soundlisten (help·info)) in Ashkenazi usage, (Hebrew: שָׁבוּעוֹת, lit. "Weeks"), is known in English as the Feast of Weeks. While it is sometimes referred to as Pentecost (in Koinē Greek: Πεντηκοστή) due to its timing after Passover, "pentecost" meaning "fifty" in Greek, since Shavuot occurs fifty days after the first day of Passover, it is not the same as the Christian Pentecost. It is a Jewish holiday that occurs on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan (it may fall between May 15 and June 14 on the Gregorian calendar).[Note 1] In the Bible, Shavuot marks the wheat harvest in the Land of Israel (Exodus 34:22) and according to the Jewish Sages, it also commemorates the anniversary of the giving of the Torah by God to the Children of Israel at Mount Sinai in 1312 BCE. Rabbinic writings state that in addition the Oral Torah was given to Moses at Mount Sinai, which, according to the tradition of Orthodox Judaism, occurred in 1312 BCE. The Orthodox rabbinic tradition holds that the Written Torah was recorded during the following forty years,